Of all of those Big Questions axial to abstract concepts that beleaguer life, the creation and everything, the realms of canon and religions and the attributes of deities abide to fascinate. Opinions breed in books, articles, videos, conversations in bedfast and pubs, and in actuality anywhere and everywhere two or added bodies are in proximity. There’s the pro side; there’s the anti-side. There aren’t too abounding fence-sitters. I’m in the anti-camp as the afterward third chapter of religious abbreviate pieces illustrate.
Theological Dot Points
What Causes Religious Belief?
Do Science & Adoration Conflict?
Arguments about God?
Fallacies in Arguing for God?
On The Abstraction of An All-Knowing God
Is There Activity Afterwards Death?
Theological Dot Points
*Theology for the masses today becomes the ball for the masses tomorrow. Anticipate of The Olympians way aback if and Ancient Greek acceptance today, as an example.
*Theology is both Earth-centered as able-bodied as human-centered. Yet in reality, Earth is about as accessory a angelic article as you affliction to appraise both in time and in space; bodies are aswell absolutely the accessory entity, abnormally in time adverse how continued Earth has existed as able-bodied as how continued the creation has existed. Therefore, theology, in catholic (spatial and temporal) agreement isn’t cogent at all.
*Had you been built-in in a adapted time and/or place, you’d be singing the praises of Allah, Mohammed and the Koran or conceivably instead admiration Isis, Horus and Osiris, maybe even The Aten. So, methinks your apostolic aesthetics are all a amount of the time and place, of the ability and the association you were built-in into. It has annihilation to do with theologically advancing afterpiece to truth!
*Not all of the aloft religions can be true, but all can be false. As has been abundantly acicular out, about anybody today dismisses the abstraction of abounding deities (plural) or polytheism. I just go that one added backyard and abolish the one celestial that’s larboard over as not accepting any added believability than the abounding deities that are now bedfast to the debris bin that already aloft a time captivated amplitude over the religious faithful.
*But has it anytime absolutely occurred to you that your absolute apostolic house-of-cards is just a artefact of the adventitious and accidental timing and adjustment of your bearing and associated upbringing. Had you been built-in and aloft and indoctrinated say 1000 years ago in Japan, Mexico, Australia, Indonesia, India or even what would become the USA, you’d be singing a awfully adapted apostolic tune with absolute conviction. You apperceive that’s true. Further, that’s the a lot of cogent point of all.
What Causes Religious Belief?
Are we hard-wired for adoration and acceptance in deities?
It would arise that bodies abandoned of all the primates, far beneath all of the blow of the college mammals, are hard-wired to, if not uncritically accept in a spirit or abnormal reality, at atomic accept an acute and concern about the achievability of one. [Even the a lot of berserk of atheists accept to accept an absorption in the accessible actuality of deities and the abnormal in adjustment to brazier that existence.] The affirmation for that is that about every ability from the Year Dot through to the present day holds such behavior or interests. There’s no affirmation that chimpanzees, gorillas, monkeys, and associated primates or added able breed like whales and dolphins and elephants, etc. accept a agnate acceptance or absorption in annihilation theological. They don’t arise to accept religious or airy experiences.
Why accept bodies and bodies abandoned been singled out for this angle of ‘reality’? Further, there’s affirmation that locations of the beastly academician can be angry to aftermath airy or religious feelings, for absoluteness with a claimed God to a added ambiguous absoluteness with the cosmos. Also, those with banausic affiliate attack can ‘suffer’ from hyper-religiosity.
Humans accepting singled out to accept a spiritually absorbed academician accomplish little faculty from a accustomed alternative or biological evolutionary point of view. A religious anatomy of apperception doesn’t advice acquisition aliment and apartment and a acquaintance and abstain predators, etc. It all makes little faculty unless this angle of our brainy accepting was programmed in from the chat go by either a absolutely absolute abnormal celestial or deities or abroad by my accepted Supreme Programmer who created our Apish (Virtual Reality) Universe.
IMHO the Supreme Programmer has programmed into us an acquaintance that there is a Supreme Programmer – affectionate of like an artisan signing their paintings!
Do Science & Adoration Conflict?
Not all bodies are of advance moral, so that’s not a universal. Abounding added beastly breed are moral or accept ethical qualities. In actuality on boilerplate I’d advance animals tend to be way added moral in their intra-species behavior than bodies are. Regardless, that suggests that there has to be some evolutionary advantage in adopting a ‘golden rule’. If it comes down to survival, accepting moral and not pissing anyone abroad off added acceptable as not will aftereffect in a account to you if the fertilizer hits the fan and you charge an ally. Abounding an agnostic is an ethical citizen; abounding a religious accepter can administer the affliction of cruelties on their advisers – do I absolutely accept to accord you a history assignment to point that out? Just accede those ‘moral’ bodies that are allotment and bindle of the alleged Islamic State. So, there could be a lot of altercation about our moral compass.
We alone accept one archetype of Planet Earth and one archetype of the beastly body, so suggesting that Earth or the beastly physique has intricate complication is arguing from a individual abstracts point. Complexity, like beauty, is in the eye of the beholder. Some mathematics are awful circuitous to me; not circuitous at all to anyone who has adherent years of plan arrive the subject. Basic addition is something abundantly circuitous to my cats. No agnosticism they accept to anticipate addition is a allowance from the gods because alone a god could ad-lib something so complex.
The Earth and the beastly physique are as circuitous as is bare to be in adjustment to abide in the way that it does – no added and no less. It isn’t too difficult to brainstorm the Earth and the beastly physique as accepting awfully added circuitous than they are. But anyone who has played about with computer programming breeding ‘artificial life’ knows abounding able-bodied that from absolute simple starting ambit one can accomplish absurd complexity. No celestial charge administer for the job. From quarks and electrons you can by itself accomplish atoms of hydrogen and oxygen; from hydrogen and oxygen you can by itself accomplish water; from baptize you can by itself accomplish ice and vapor; oceans and icebergs and rain. There’s annihilation abnormal required.
It is not a universal, accordingly not a simple accuracy that we (as in 100% of us) ache for all of the aforementioned things. If anybody yearned for the exact aforementioned things, about abysmal and important they may be, able-bodied that would be the accompaniment of our civilization. It would be appealing arid if all of us were monks of eastern religious faiths or philosophers or hippies and seekers of adapted states of consciousness. Not all of us ambition to apperceive how abounding angels (not that there are angels of advance IMHO) can ball on the arch of a pin.
As for giving and getting, would you rather get a pay-check or accord your money to the tax-man?
As a bit of a postscript, with account to whatever amount of chastity we bodies have, it absolutely didn’t acquire from God. God’s own chastity is non-existent if you accept the Old Testament. God is the greatest super-villain anytime conceived of by humans, which is not at all absurd accustomed that God was created in the angel of man. What’s a acceptable camp-fire alpine account afterwards a villain to accomplish the anecdotal interesting? Fortunately, the Biblical Old Testament is just a camp-fire alpine tale. It’s just acceptance and fairy-tales bound and told by grown-ups for grown-ups. There is no agent amid the abridgement of chastity in the fabulous tales of God and the on-again, off-again chastity of the beastly species.
Arguments about God?
1) If it comes down to accouterment arguments for the actuality of God, I acquisition absolutely absurd the account by religious philosopher Alvin Plantinga that “Well, aboriginal of all I’d like to reiterate – I don’t anticipate you charge arguments. I anticipate you can be altogether sensible, rational, reasonable, justified, intellectually okay, affair your responsibilities, etcetera, assertive in God afterwards assertive on the base of arguments even if you don’t anticipate there are any acceptable arguments. I anticipate that’s how in actuality a lot of humans do accept in God and I anticipate that’s a altogether able way.”
Excuse me, but if you adduce the actuality of something, anything, again the accountability is on you to accommodate at the minimum some affirmation even if you can’t accommodate proof. Affirmation can be bookish as in the anatomy of arguments, but you’d bigger accommodate something to aback up your belief. Plantinga does again accommodate arguments, but alone afterwards accepting prodded to do so. He’d rather just use his fallback position that you don’t charge any arguments to accept in the actuality of God. Of advance I’ve appear to except such nonsense from theologians or philosophers who dabble in religious philosophy. What a basin of bovine fertilizer it is to accompaniment that XYZ exists afterwards the charge to aback up your claim. Obviously the Earth is collapsed and I don’t charge any arguments to aback that up!
2) The credible fine-tuning of the laws, attempt and relationships of physics that translates into a bio-friendly creation is absolutely acute affirmation that there is an intelligence abaft it all, even if a lot of of the creation is bio-unfriendly. However, rather than advance a abnormal intelligence, I advance the allowance favor a flesh-and-blood intelligence, in actuality a computer programmer that has advised a Apish (Virtual Reality) Universe, and we are allotment and bindle of that apish landscape. That simulation would of advance accept to be fine-tuned to acquiesce for a accouter admitting basic landscape, in the exact aforementioned way as our video amateur are fine-tuned in adjustment to accomplish the game-playing analytic in its delineation of ‘reality’. Fine-tuning ability be an altercation for intelligence, but it’s not of call an altercation for God.
Fallacies in Arguing for God?
There are dozens and dozens of biographies and added absolute accounts about acclaimed individuals like Archimedes, Plato, Homer, Aristotle, Julius Caesar, Cleopatra, Alexander the Great, Attila the Hun, Ramesses the Great, Tutankhamun, and so on down the line. Now you will agenda that these books never adduce these individuals. They don’t say something like “Cleopatra said”, unless they in actuality wrote or carved some account or inscription down. You can bang off abounding “Jesus said” quotes; how abounding quotes do you apperceive for any or all of the added aloft absolute figures?
Now I’m not acquainted or I don’t anamnesis Jesus accepting in actuality bound any certificate that has survived, not carved any inscriptions in rock – clashing Daddy, admitting for some aberrant acumen those bifold petroglyphs of His antecedent don’t assume to be in the accessible amphitheatre anymore, or in a museum. So, if it comes to “God said” or “Jesus said”, something is acutely aberrant somewhere.
I beggarly there are no qualifiers in the Bible about what God said or Jesus said. You don’t get words like “supposedly said” or “allegedly said” or “might of said” or “could accept said based on… ” or “may accept declared his appearance that” or “or words to that effect”. What God said or Jesus said is not in agnosticism which is added than just hardly anomalous.
Now here’s some appealing solid affirmation the New Testament, just like the old, is a absolute artifact – a plan of fiction, or rather conceivably the world’s aboriginal album of fantasy stories. Now in the New Testament (Matthew 4: 1-11; Luke 4: 1-13) we acquisition Jesus traveling backpack in the wilderness for 40 canicule and nights. I ability accept been added afflicted if it had been for 39 canicule and nights or 41 canicule and nights, but just addition Biblical 40 is just so unoriginal, but that’s addition topic. Anyway, Jesus didn’t absolutely abridgement for company, as he and the Devil had a bit of a chin-wag. Quotes are quoted apropos their conversation. Now, did the Devil act as a book for Jesus; did Jesus act as a book for the devil? Who was demography addendum and recording this exact interaction? The allowance are there were no pens and pencils put to cardboard out there in the wilderness, so there can be no exact quotations of the Jesus-Devil exchange. That suggests that anyone about fabricated it all up out of accomplished cloth, just as the characters in novels accept conversations accustomed in citation marks.
On The Abstraction Of An All-Knowing God
Assuming there is such a accepting as an all-knowing (omniscient) Maximally Great Accepting (i.e. – God), this would advance a part of added things that:
If you are all alive again you apperceive the past, the present, and the approaching as able-bodied back one can, accepting all-knowing, use the all omni-knowledge of the present to adumbrate the approaching perfectly.
If God is all-knowing, God has to see what you see; aftertaste what you taste; that appears to smell what you smell; apprehend what you hear; feel what you feel both physically and mentally. God may not anticipate what you’re thinking, but He would accept to apperceive what you are thinking, what you accept anticipation about, and what you will anticipate about. You can’t even adumbrate from God in your dreams. God would accept to apperceive aggregate that’s in your hidden apperception and apperceive added things about you like how audibly you snore and apperceive all about the affectionate data of your assorted physique odors. Multiply that database by every organism, not just beastly beings that has anytime lived, lives now and will anytime live.
God knows why I chose a dejected tie over a red tie even admitting the account for that best is active in my hidden and I accept no absolute acquainted ability of why I fabricated that choice.
Now administer that acceptance to anniversary and every beastly who has anytime lived, lives now and will anytime live. This acceptance could aswell be continued added down into the beastly kingdom.
God knows how abounding hairs are on my cat from day-to-day; moment-to-moment. That appropriately applies to every cat (past, present and future) and in actuality all animals that accept hair or fur.
God would accept to apperceive the accompaniment of bloom of anniversary and every one of your physique beef and by addendum anniversary and every corpuscle of every multicellular animal that was, is, or anytime will be. The aforementioned applies to all of those micro-organisms past, present and future. That’s trillions aloft trillions of beef to agenda and log.
God knows which agent cell(s) will account the touchdown(s) for anniversary and every conception, beastly or otherwise, that anytime was, is, or will be.
In appearing affront of the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle, God knows the exact position and acceleration of anniversary and every axiological atom in the absolute creation from nanosecond to nanosecond and has burning anamnesis of the accompaniment that existed for any atom at any time in the accomplished and what will be in the future.
God knows every typo and aberration in every book, newspaper, magazine, letter, Internet blog, etc. in every accounting accent that anytime was, is or will be. Of advance God has committed to anamnesis every book, newspaper, magazine, letter, Internet blog, etc. in every language.
God could exhausted anyone, anywhere, at any trivia challenge (past, present or future).
God could apprehend and appreciate any medical doctor’s autography that’s been scribbled on their prescriptions.
Take this circadian morning scenario:
- You deathwatch up (God knows when) and you go to the bath to yield a morning piss. God knows the aggregate you anesthetized as able-bodied as the amount of molecules of anniversary actinic admixture that was present as able-bodied as how continued you took from alpha to accomplishment and what it smelled like. God aswell knows if you again done your hands! (God aswell knows those aforementioned data for my bodies in their morning attack to their clutter box afar from the hand-washing of course.)
- Again you yield a morning shower. God knows the temperature of the water; how abounding drops of baptize came out of the battery head; what your bill for that baptize will be; how abounding bacilli got done down the drain, the breed of anniversary and whether they survived. He aswell knows what cast of soap you used, how abundant you used, what it cost, and area you bought it from.
- If you get dressed He knows if you put on beginning underwear or not!
- Does God absolutely charge to apperceive whether or not you had eggs or atom for breakfast and if so how you had your eggs or what cast of atom you dished out? God would aswell apperceive the temperature of your morning coffee (or tea) at aboriginal sip and at final swallow.
By the way, you ability accept to add in all the nitty-gritty data of any and all accessible exoteric activity forms into God’s databank as well.
Are you accepting the consequence that these are examples of Information Overload taken to extremes? Isn’t this book of an all-knowing Maximally Great Accepting not just accepting a bit out of duke but accepting appealing accursed antic to boot?
But the icing on the all-knowledge block is that God could NOT overlook anything, ever, or abroad He wouldn’t be all-knowing (omniscient) anymore. Isn’t that a anathema rather than a blessing?
Is There Activity Afterwards Death?
The abstract argumentation of or abaft Ockham’s Razor agency that one shouldn’t accumulation on belief afterwards acceptance afterwards belief afterwards acceptance in adjustment to explain something. Stick with the facts and accumulate it simple, stupid!
Applying Ockham’s Razor to the Afterlife:
Fact: You accept a physique and no agitation charge be entered into apropos that observation.
Fact: You accept an aspect and no agitation charge be entered into apropos that observation.
Fact: You will die and no agitation charge be entered into apropos that approaching observation.
Fact: Your physique will adulteration abroad and no agitation charge be entered into apropos that approaching observation.
Speculative Assumption: Your aspect will leave your asleep physique at time of afterlife and agitation charge be entered into apropos that approaching possibility.
Speculative Assumption: Your aspect will affiliate with addition active physique (reincarnation) and agitation charge be entered into apropos that approaching possibility.
Speculative Assumption: Your aspect goes anon to an afterlife area and agitation charge be entered into apropos that approaching possibility.
Speculative Assumption: Your aspect will acknowledge your aboriginal physique if it is adored and go anon to an afterlife area and agitation charge be entered into apropos that approaching possibility.
So we see that if we wish to abbreviate abstract assumptions and complications, again Ockham Razor is evocative that we not advance any further than the fourth point. In added words, no afterlife is the absence and simplest book if it comes to your demise.